In Canada–First People Protest Fracking

Original article from

(November 5, 2013)

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Re-post: Follow MLA Rules to avoid plagiarism on final research project

Any student who plagiarizes — even 1-2 words — runs the risk of failure for the semester.

Please conduct only the most ethical research and essay writing.

Citations are needed for

— facts and statistics

—direct quotations

—paraphrase of a unique idea

If an idea is not yours, if the words are a direct quotation, AND/OR if the idea appears in ONLY ONE SOURCE (that is, it is unique), a citation will always be required.

For an in-text citation based on an anthology/collected works, cite the AUTHOR of the essay  (not the names of the editor[s] on the book’s cover).  For example, if you use Leslie Silko’s essay on Pueblo Landscape and Imagination, the citation will look like this:

For an anthology:  (Silko 383).

For an Internet article w/no author listed:  (“Climate Change Consensus”).

For an Internet source w/an author listed:  (Smith).

For an Internet source w/more than one author:  (Flinstone and Rubble).

NOTICE:  The period is placed AFTER the parentheses; please be sure to use punctuation correctly.  The period follows the citation to provide the reader with information about the information quoted/cited and to establish a connection to the Works Cited.  EVERY work literally cited in your essay MUST also be LISTED (alphabetically) on the Works Cited page.  If only one source is absent from the Works Cited page, the student risks plagiarism.

Notice, all that is needed for an in-text citation is the author’s LAST NAME and the page number upon which the quotation, fact/statistic, or concept may be located.

There are only two occasions upon which citations are NOT NECESSARY:                                 1.    When the idea is common knowledge (e.g., Independence Day in the US is celebrated on July 4).

2.  If there is critical consensus (several authors/3+) all agree about a subject.  When there is consensus, a writer might name the authors in the sentence to demonstrate there is critical agreement among authorities about a specific issue.

For example, the information below comes from a website that lists the specific organizations that agree that climate change is having an impact on weather patterns:  “Ninety-seven percent of climate scientists agree that climate-warming trends over the past century are very likely due to human activities,1and most of the leading scientific organizations worldwide have issued public statements endorsing this position. The following is a partial list of these organizations, along with links to their published statements and a selection of related resources.”


  • Statement on climate change from 18 scientific associations

    “Observations throughout the world make it clear that climate change is occurring, and rigorous scientific research demonstrates that the greenhouse gases emitted by human activities are the primary driver” (“American Association for the Advancement of Science”).

  • We will discuss the rules for MLA in class several times before papers are due.  Also be aware that BOTH in-text citations [e.g., (Silko 391)] AND the Works Cited page are required.  If a student submits the final research paper without parenthetical citations AND/OR the Works Cited page, the student will fail for the semester.  All authors and/ or texts cited in your essay MUST ALSO appear (alphabetically, not numbered) on your Works Cited page.  To leave any author/source off the Works Cited page is indicative of plagiarism.  Please be cautious; please follow the rules as precisely as possible.  Good luck!

To Avoid Plagiarism, Follow MLA Rules

Plagiarism is a serious academic offense that can result in failure–either for a single assignment or for the entire semester.  The rules for quoting and citing are clear and easy to follow at the Purdue Owl’s site.  The more ethical a student is about his/her writing, the stronger and more confident thinker and speaker the student will become.  Please know that the documented (research) essay is a requirement across all SUNY campuses including SUNY Rockland.  I am certain there is no such thing as accidental plagiarism:  plagiarism is cheating and lying.  First the work is not your own and such dishonesty/cheating is easily traced.  Please use the Web responsibly:  the use of electronic sources offers wonderful academic opportunities.  Please treat the words of others with respect:  if the words are not yours, please do not put your name above them.  Quote and cite words that are not your own.  Also, use quotations sparingly:  that is, your research essay must be 90% your voice and writing; we use outside sources only for supporting examples to prove and support our argument.  In a paper that is about 5-6 pages (double spaced and in 14 font), a student may have anywhere between 10-20 citations.

Please DO NOT place citations back to back; also do not stack quotations back to back.  When citing a source, introduce the author, title, and author’s credentials (if available, to show his/her expertise on the subject).  Then quote and cite.  Even if 1-2 words are borrowed from another author:  the words MUST BE QUOTED and CITED.  Please write the documented essay w/the highest ethical standards.  Plagiarism only results in failure; if a student does not successfully complete the documented essay at SUNY RCC, s/he cannot pass ENG 1o1 for the semester.


Thank you for cooperating with this fundamental rule:  every college campus in the country punishes plagiarism.  The best way to avoid plagiarism is to know and follow the rules.

The Works Cited Page

There is a sample of a Works Cited page in the link above.  About the Works Cited page:

— it is always the LAST PAGE

— it is always on a separate, single sheet of paper

–entries are alphabetized (use authors’ last name), and all entries begin at the margin;            second and subsequent lines are indented five spaces/tab.

— DO NOT NUMBER the sources

Five total sources are required:   limit Internet sources (use no more than two; an interview or quotations/statistics from a film may also be used.  But video and Interview (together) count as one source, so students need four more resources.   Please avoid Wikipedia and other very brief or questionable Internet sources.

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Documented Essay/final research paper — description, suggestions, and rules

Each student must formulate his/her own thesis and then gather sufficient supporting evidence for to prove his/her position., Common, along with these other online magazines, journals, and scholarly resources offer additional potential resources (reading material) for the final research paper.  Please also see the additional links to alternative sources below:
Keep in mind that the final research paper must be:
a.  4-6 pages long
b.  all papers MUST include IN TEXT citations (MLA style) and a Works Cited page
      The number of citations a student uses will vary.  For a 4-6 page long research essay,
       I suggest students use between 8-20 in-text citations.  95% of the VOICE of the essay will
       be the student’s OWN (his/her writing, thinking, theorizing).  Citations are used specifically
       to SUPPORT the paper’s main argument by offering evidence and details that verify the
       position the student writer takes.
c.  all pre-writing work required
d.  double spaced and in 14 font.
If a student fails to use MLA citations correctly, and/or if a student fails to submit a compatible Works Cited page, s/he can fail for the semester.  Keep in mind, all SUNY schools require the argumentative research essay of all students enrolled in ENG 101.  MLA format is expected to be learned and applied.  Review Ideas and Details chapters on Argument/Persuasion and Writing Research.
The sooner students select a topic and start gathering sources (books, journals, magazine articles, one film and/or one personal interview), the more successful the final product will be.  Remember, in this blog, there is a link to REVIEW MLA RULES — it includes what a sample Works Cited page must look like.
The Works Cited page literally LISTS all the works a writer cites in his/her essay.  All students are required to have a minimum of FIVE outside sources.  One of those readings can be from our textbook, Writing Nature.
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Three Important Articles — Common Dreams, 11/6/13

Within the Common Dreams online publication, please look especially at these three articles:

Published on Tuesday, November 5, 2013 by Common Dreams:

1.  Carbon Capture ‘Scheme’ Linked to Large Quakes: Report

New study reveals dangers of fossil fuel industry-backed climate change mitigation strategy

– Lauren McCauley, staff writer
Published on Tuesday, November 5, 2013 by Common Dreams

2.  ‘Window of Opportunity’ to Curb Climate Change Quickly Closing: Report

UNEP says world likely to ‘lock in’ worst effects of climate change at current rate

– Jacob Chamberlain, staff writer
3.  Published on Tuesday, November 5, 2013 by Common Dreams

First Nations to Resume Blockade in Canadian Fracking Fight

Renewed protests follow announcement that energy company will re-start shale gas exploration

– Sarah Lazare, staff writer
Climate change, human induced weather changes, and the impact on First Peoples around the globe are all excellent potential topics for your argumentative research essay:
the documented essay must be argumentative or persuasive.  
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NYPD Police Profiling

Democracy Now, November 6, 2013

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ENG 101 — Syllabus update for November (peer critique AGAIN on 11/5)

10/31 – All classes except 11 AM should have completed peer critique; due to my inability to attend class, I ask all students in ENG 101 to BRING the drafts and theses back to class this TUESDAY:  November 5.  The new due date for all of the ENG 101 classes for FP #2 is now Thursday, 11/7

11/5  REPEAT of peer critique for FP #2 — please bring your 400-500 word typed draft to class today; we will complete peer critique in class.  Students may write FP #2 about any one essay in the month of October (from 10/3 to 10/29).  Please also bring your thesis written on a separate piece of paper.  Bear in mind, the thesis should NOT BE:   a fact, a fragment, or a question.

11/7   FP #2 is DUE at the start of class today; please be sure to submit your peer critiques as well. Then please go on to read Alice Walker’s essay, “Am I Blue?” (242-247).  Since FP #2 is DUE today, please just look at the question’s following Ms. Walker’s essay.

11/12     Please read Peter Mathiessen’s excerpt from The Snow Leopard (46-57).  Then go on to read “May’s Lion” by Ursula K. LeGuin (pp. 306-314).  Discussion to follow.

11/14    Please read “The Face of a Spider” (235-241) and “Animal Rights and Beyond…” (548-555).

11/19   Please read “When Are Animal Experiments Justifiable” by Peter Singer (541-548).  Look over #1 & 2 (“Considerations”) at the top of p. 547 (you do not have to write out the questions, but be prepared to discuss them).  Obviously, writers writing about animals in a natural setting will be the theme for FP #3.  Students may write about any one essay from between 11/7-11/19 for FP #3.  Peer critique due next class.

11/21:     Peer critique for Formal Paper #3 (FP #3 can be about any reading we completed between 11/5 and 11/19).  If any student has a 90% average or above, the paper will be optional.  All other students must write FP #3 w/the intention to improve previous grades.  Good luck!  Also remember to use the Writing Center (Rm. 8349) as a resource for additional help.

11/26:   FP #3 is due today; we will also begin the discussion for your final research papers; as such, this is a very important class.  SUNY (in general) and RCC (specifically) both require all ENG 101 students to complete the research essay with a C or better in order to pass ENG 101. Do take notes, and pay careful attention. Review of MLA rules; please read Ideas & Details: Chapter 15, pp. 337-389. This may be the most important chapter in Bauman’s book; students should rely upon Chapter 15 (inIdeas and Details) whenever they have questions about research techniques and how to write entries for the Works Cited page.

11/28      No classes — Happy Thanksgiving!

12/3      Notecards and outline for documented essay are due today; bring work to class w/you. Together, they are worth 10 prewriting points.  Individual conferences will also be scheduled today; please come to class on time w/the work that is due.

12/5      Draft #1 (first 2 pages, 500 words) of your documented essay is due; students who fail to use citations will receive ZERO prewriting points. Be sure to have roughly the right length and your citations in place. (Worth 15 prewriting points.)

12/10     Individual conferences–as needed; these may also spill over into my office hours if necessary.

12/12      Individual conferences (see above)

12/17      Final peer critique of ENTIRE research essay: 4-6 pages, citations included, Works Cited on a separate, final page.  All of these are required today for students to earn the maximum prewriting points (worth final 15 points of 40 total).  Please do not lose points:  they are meant to be an incentive to complete this project successfully.

12/19      Final research essay is due ON TIME; final class. No late work will be accepted.   RCC faculty must submit grades quickly, so I need the time to read each essay.  Plagiarism:   a lack of citations, quotation marks (even for a few words or one sentence) AND/OR a missing Works Cited page is grounds for FAILURE. Do be careful  to research and cite ethically.  



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ENG 207 Update — NEW as of November 5

Dear Short Story Class:  Forgive me for two peculiar events!  I understand a substitute met w/your group to discuss the stories assigned for 10/31.  If you read my earlier post, I was hospitalized on 10/31 through 11/1.  Today, Tuesday, November 5, I was in my office but heavily engaged in a complicated debate w/a student.  It was a circular argument, and I fear because I was not making myself clear to ONE STUDENT, I lost track time and missed all of you wonderful people; I did pick up the attendance sheet!  Again, please accept my apologies.  None of this is your fault.

Here is the NEW DEAL:  there will be an extra day for the drafts and peer critique.  AND an extra day to submit the second paper (see the revisions below).  I will certainly see all of you on Thursday, 11/7. (As long as there is neither a snowstorm nor a hurricane!)

11/7:   We will discuss ALL FOUR STORIES from the last two classes:  “Only The Dead Know Brooklyn” (132-137), in  HBM “Relative Humidity 95%” by Puig (222-236); please also thoroughly consider “The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse” by Saroyan (194-201) and “The Last Voyage of the Ghost Ship” by Garcia Marquez (373-379). Before you come to class, select your favorite of these four stories and write about a half page (100 words) to discuss the features in the story you liked best; please also note your favorite phrase/sentence from the same story (again, your favorite of these four).


11/12:   Peer critique in class:  the main themes of the last section of stories deal mostly w/gender roles and marriage (but not exclusively).  As we did last time, please bring your typed draft and your thesis handwritten on a separate piece of paper.  For Formal Response #2, students may write about any one reading we did as a class between the dates 10/15 and 11/7  Again, if a student comes to class w/out a draft, then s/he will be counted absent. Please come and do your best to participate in the peer critique!

11/14    Please read “Luvina” (282-290)by Juan Rulfo and “The Miracle of the Birds (94-100) by Jorge Amado in HBM. Please be prepared to discuss the stories’ similarities and differences:  look especially at mood/tone.

11/19:  Reading Response #2 is DUE today.  Please also read “The Tale” by Joseph Conrad, pp. 445-463 (in 50GSS).  If you have read works by Conrad before, what similarities in theme or imagery do you note? The Heart of Darkness is probably Conrad’s best known novel.  Do you see similarities?

11/21:   In 50GS, please read “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson (159-168) and in HBM go on to read “The Idol” by Casares (pp. 44-65).  Again, be mindful of thematic similarities and differences.

11/26:  In HBM please read “The Plagues” by Moacyr Scliar
(pp. 163-176).  Discussion about final two weeks of readings.  Students select?  We will discuss today.

11/28:   No classes — Happy Thanksgiving!

12/3:   Please read “The Psychiatrist” by Machado de Assiss in HBM (pp. 121-162)

12/5:  TBA — Students’ choice — we will decide before Thanksgiving Break

12/10:  Peer critique for Reading Response #3:  Students may write a response to any one story we rad and discussed as a group between the dates 11/14 and 12/5.  As usual,  please have your thesis on a separate sheet of paper:  again, remember to place your thesis at the conclusion of paragraph one; a thesis cannot be a fact, a fragment, or a question.  It must be your opinion phrased in a complete, declarative statement.  Good luck!

12/12:   SUBMIT Reading Response #3.  Class conclusion and discussion — differences and similarities between Anglo-American fiction and the realm of short story from Latin America?  Major themes?  Differences?


12/19:    Reading Day (no classes)

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